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What models are available for reference?

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  • Review available research data curation models
  • Decide which models are most appropriate for your data management needs



The DCC Curation Lifecycle Model provides a graphical high level overview of the stages required for successful curation and preservation of data from initial conceptualisation or receipt.  The model can be used to plan activities within an organisation or consortium to ensure that all necessary stages are undertaken, each in the correct sequence.  The model enables granular functionality to be mapped against it; to define roles and responsibilities, and build a framework of standards and technologies to implement.  It can help with the process of identifying additional steps which may be required, or actions which are not required by certain situations or disciplines, and ensuring that processes and policies are adequately documented.

This document is a technical Recommendation for use in developing a broader consensus on what is required for an archive to provide permanent, or indefinite Long Term, preservation of digital information.  This Recommendation establishes a common framework of terms and concepts which make up an Open Archival Information System (OAIS). It allows existing and future archives to be more meaningfully compared and contrasted. It provides a basis for further standardization within an archival context and it should promote greater vendor awareness of, and support of, archival requirements.

  • McKen, Katy, Catherine Pink, Liz Lyon, and Matt Davidson. “Research360: Data in the Research Lifecycle.” University of Bath, 2012.

Data is an important product of research that should, as far as possible, be accessible for re-use. This requires key stakeholders from across the institution to develop mechanisms that enable data management throughout the research lifecycle.



Lifecycle management of digital materials is necessary to ensure their continuity.  the DCC Curation Lifecycle Model has been developed as a generic, curation-specific, tool which can be used, in conjuntion wtih relevant standards, to plan curaiton and preservation activities to different levels of granularity.  The DCC will use the model:  as a training tool for data creators, data curators and data users; to organise and plan their resources; and to help organisations identify risks to their digital assets and plan management strategies for their successful curation.

The requirements specified by the REDm-MED Project for data management plans will be assembled both from a ‘bottom-up’ elicitation process involving researchers and academics, and ‘topdown’ from funder requirements, institutional policy and known good practice. Data management lifecycle models provide a structure for considering the many operations that will need to be performed on a data record throughout its life; as such they can also act as a useful touchstone for ensuring the requirements specification has sufficient coverage of key data management operations.

The Reference Model for an Open Archival Information System (OAIS) describes components and services required to develop and maintain archives, in order to support long-term access to and understanding of the information in those archives. This entry discusses the context in which the OAIS was initiated and provides a chronology of the OAIS development process, including its transformation from a space data standard into a document of much wider scope. The author explains the nature of reference models as a particular type of standard, and then describes the major components and concepts of the OAIS Reference Model. The primary mechanisms that the Reference Model uses to convey the aspects of an OAIS are its functional model and information model. The entry also summarizes numerous (completed, ongoing, and emerging) initiatives that have adopted and expanded on the OAIS. Finally, the author discusses major implications of the OAIS.


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